The Problem of Reductionism in Philosophy of Mind and its Implications for Theism and the Principle of Soul

This essay seeks to delineate points of entry for Muslim theological reasoning into conversations in the field of philosophy of mind.

By equating the Kalam principle of

soul with its foremost faculty, intellection, Muslim theological reasoning lends itself well to these modes of inquiry.

By looking at the work of Saul Kripke and Hilary Putnam, the collapse of “reductionism” is shown to give way to the concept of a non-physical mind, as well as an indication toward the sustainable plausibility of theism in general.

The essay demonstrates that contemporary obstacles and challenges to the theological principle of a human soul are surmountable,and adds to mounting scholarship in the field that calls into question the physicalist interpretation of the universe.

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